Public vs Private Education

Public vs Private Education

Public Vs Private Education

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In this article, we have reviewed what’s the difference between Public vs Private Education.

The same training

Candidates for private education competitions undergo the same tests as candidates in the corresponding competitions in public education. Their level of training is, therefore, the same. It should be noted that the private education competition, CAFEP, gives access to a list of skills; free, then, to the establishment to recruit or not.

A different status

Teachers in private institutions under contract, although paid by the state, do not have the status of civil servants. They are contract agents under public law. A private teacher receives the same gross salary as a public teacher, but his net salary is about 5% lower because of higher wage contributions than the public. On the public second level, the teaching staff is mainly composed of certified (64.6%), vocational high school teachers (15.3%) and aggregates (13%). In the private sector, the certified are also in the majority (61.6%), in front of the teachers of vocational high school (11.5%). In contrast, only 4% of teachers are aggregated.

The same programs

Private establishments associated with the State participate in the public service mission of the National Education. Education is thus provided in accordance with the curricula in force in public education, but school life, the pedagogical methods and the general organization of the school are it’s own.

Class sizes are almost identical

Contrary to popular belief, private schools have no fewer students per class. In 2010, according to an OECD study, the average class size in private and public primary schools in France was almost identical (just under 25 students), or even slightly higher in the private sector. In September 2014, according to the Ministry of Education, the average number of students per class in the first degree was 23.7 for the public and 24.4 for the private sector. In private colleges, classes have an average of two more students than public colleges. On the other hand, the number of pupils is a little lower in the classes of private high schools than in those of public high schools.


Difficult to compare the success of private and public students throughout schooling. What we can say is that, on the baccalaureate, on average, the success rate is higher in the private sector. Of the 31 general education high schools that achieved a pass rate of at least 98% at the 2015 session in Brittany, 24 are private. In Morbihan, the ten public high schools have an overall success rate of 92%, while the private eleven are at 97%. In the Côtes-d’Armor, the ten public high schools have an overall success rate of 91%, against 95% for the eleven private. In Finistère, the twenty public high schools obtained an overall success rate of 93.6%, against 96.78 for the nineteen private networks.